Mirena is a hormone-based intrauterine device that is used by many women as long-term birth control. It’s a popular choice because it can prevent pregnancy for up to five years, but is it safe?
There are several benefits from using Mirena, and it is more effective than the pill. This plastic, t-shaped device is inserted into the uterus, where it prevents fertilization from taking place.
Before you use Mirena, you should make sure you fully understand its potential side effects, as it is not appropriate for all women. Keep reading to learn about the six side effects every woman who is considering Mirena needs to know.
#1: It Stops Periods
In one study, twenty percent of women who use Mirena have reported having no period at all. The rest of the women reported that it made their period lighter and easier to manage. Women who experience heavy bleeding may find Mirena favorable to use because it can lighten their bleeding.
Mirena had an unexpected side effect in some cases. Some women reported persistent and irregular bleeding. In the week after insertion, many women have said that they experienced bleeding, and this may have continued for up to three months after. Bleeding that persists for six months or longer is a cause for concern.
#2: It Causes Less Nausea
Considered one of the minor side effects of Mirena, nausea deserves a mention due to the sheer number of women who experienced it. However, most hormonal birth control devices cause nausea. Some even think of Mirena as the best option for women who are sensitive to nausea. Devices like this have an advantage in that it sits in the cervix, bypassing the stomach altogether.
#3: It Can Cause Intracranial Hypertension
More than 200 lawsuits have been filed due to the fact that Mirena caused intracranial hypertension. Intracranial hypertension occurs from high blood pressure in the brain. It causes signs and symptoms of a tumor, but it’s a false tumor, which is also known as pseudotumor cerebri. Many of the cases for intracranial hypertension have strong evidence that could support a settlement.
#4: It Can Lead to Perforated Organs
Perhaps one of the most serious side effects that can come from Mirena, the device could travel into the uterus and perforate the uterine wall. There have been cases where the improperly manufactured medical device penetrated the uterine wall and then went on to penetrate other organs.
This is a life-threatening side effect, and if it is not diagnosed right away it can lead to sepsis and hemorrhaging. Many uterine perforations will resolve themselves over time, but it requires the careful attention of a doctor.
#5: It Can Cause Ectopic Pregnancy
In a small number of cases, women have experienced pregnancy even after having Mirena inserted. The Mirena device can increase the chances of an ectopic pregnancy, which can pose a grave danger. This happens when a fertilized egg grows outside of the uterus. In 90 percent of cases, the egg gets implanted in a fallopian tube. This dangerous side effect has the potential to kill, and it requires immediate medical attention.
#6: You Might Get Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Pelvic inflammatory disease, or PID, is an infection of the reproductive organs. The symptoms may be mild or subtle. If you suspect you have PID, you need to see a doctor. If left untreated, this condition could cause infertility. Abdominal pain or pain during urination is a common symptom of PID.
If you believe Mirena caused your injury or illness, you may be able to file a legal case against the manufacturer. Many people believe that the manufacturers engaged in deceitful advertising, or they didn’t properly warn consumers about the risks. An estimated 2,000 legal cases against Bayer Pharmaceuticals, the makers of Mirena, have been brought about because of injuries from the device.